Fountain Archive

1999

Issue 25 (January - March 1999)
M. Fethullah Gulen
5613

Being Shaped by Ramadan

At this time when we experience occasions, of much sorrow and some contentment, we sense the promise in the advent of Ramadan, the month of mercy and forgiveness. In the climate of this month of light... read more..

Issue 25 (January - March 1999)
Dr. S. Aksoy
12527

Euthanasia: Mercy or Murder?

Euthanasia is one of the most widely discussed issues among health care professionals as well as ordinary people. While supporting and practising euthanasia was an exceptional and extreme view in the ... read more..

Issue 25 (January - March 1999)
Dr. Joseph J. Bright
11477

Language and Cognition: An Unexplored Territory

The desire to investigate the secrets of knowledge and cognition goes back to ancient times. The Egyptians, during the seventh century BC, wondered which was the earliest form of language and how lang... read more..

Issue 25 (January - March 1999)
H. Ibrahim Hatip
4796

Victim Rights in Islam and Western Legal Systems: A Comparative Anlysis

1. Individual and society as victim While it is true that crimes committed against an individual usually affect society as well, in many cases it is the victims whose rights are directly violated (U read more..

Issue 25 (January - March 1999)
H. Aydin
12668

Understanding in Teaching

I. INTRODUCTION Although it is difficult to explain the concept of understanding briefly, we will try to give a brief account of its meaning and consequences in the context of teaching from the viewp... read more..

Issue 25 (January - March 1999)
Irfan Yilmaz
4350

Rivileging Evolution Theory in Schools

Evolution is seen as the only scientific explanation of how life began and developed on earth. Creation, by contrast, is regarded as only a religious belief and therefore as unscientific. The theory o... read more..

Issue 25 (January - March 1999)
Bediuzzaman Said Nursi
3604

Reflections on Man and Life

Glory be to God! How thin is the veil between the manifest and inner, invisible dimensions of existence, while how great is the distance between them! How short, yet, how long is the way between the w... read more..

Issue 25 (January - March 1999)
Gamze Aras
11605

Social Impacts of the Theory of Evolution

Social Darwinism refers to the attempts to utilize the evolutionary theory of Darwin to give descriptions of society or prescriptions for its best constitution. According to that theory, there is a st... read more..

Issue 25 (January - March 1999)
Reza Shah
5194

The Imperatives of Marifa the Pitfalls of Modernism

My chief aim was to stress how precious the perspective of ma‘rifa is, not only as the dimension of realized wisdom within the Islamic tradition, but also as an antidote to so much of what passes for ... read more..

Issue 25 (January - March 1999)
I. Erturk
3757

Future Telecommunication Networks

Over the last two decades telecommunications technology has evolved dramatically from analog to the new digital systems. Where once only voice transmission possible, new services such as video telepho... read more..

Issue 25 (January - March 1999)
M. Fethullah Gulen
4276

Destiny and Man's Free Will

The arguments for the existence of man’s free will Before passing on the arguments for the existence of man’s free will, we should point out: Most of the Western orientalists accuse Islam of being f... read more..

Issue 25 (January - March 1999)
A. Sahin
3576

Backbiting is unforgivable

Islam strictly forbids spying into people’s sins and secrets and backbiting. It also forbids talking ill of people behind their backs. The Quran declares: O you who believe! Refrain from cherishing s... read more..

Issue 26 (April - June 1999)
M. Fethullah Gulen
4844

What the World Will Look Like After Turmoil and Chaos Disappear

The world’s population, which has been suffering crisis after crisis during the last three centuries, is being drawn into a new type of turmoil. People in many countries are at the brink of utter coll... read more..

Issue 26 (April - June 1999)
Abdulaziz Sachedina
8021

Human Clones: An Islamic View

In the present article1 I will attempt to summarize a wide range of opinions that have emerged among the scholars of Islamic law and theology in its Sunni and Shi’i formulations in the wake of the clo... read more..

Issue 26 (April - June 1999)
Sebnem Unlu
4364

Birth and Music

The baby was crying ceaselessly. When mother leaned him to her chest, right over her heart, he suddenly stopped crying and calmed down. When she thought had fallen, she took him to his bed; as soon as... read more..

Issue 26 (April - June 1999)
Frank Alder
4004

Working Children

Although child labor is old as the history of humanity, it has gained speed with industrial revolution. Nowadays, the situation is worse than ever before. Statistics show that eight percent of the wor... read more..

Issue 26 (April - June 1999)
S. Dede
10526

Turkish and Greek Relations on 17th Century

I, hereby declare and record this decree for my followers. Regarding the Christians, known or unknown, in East or West, far or near. The ones who do not follow this decree, and follow my commands, w read more..

Issue 26 (April - June 1999)
Suzan Mutlu
28909

ETHNIC RELATIONS AND CONFLICTS IN CENTRAL EUROPE

Most relations in Central Europe are, unfortunately, based on conflicts. I would like to briefly cover the majority of ethnic conflicts that is (and was) evident in Central Europe. First, I will brief... read more..

Issue 26 (April - June 1999)
Ilhan Kaya
16192

Modernism and Postmodernism: A Contrast in Perspective and Attitude

Postmodernism can be viewed in several ways. Initially, postmodernism was a reaction to the modernist style of architecture developed after World War I. It then became a philosophy, which as a body of... read more..

Issue 27 (July - September 1999)
M. Fethullah Gulen
7773

Sufism And Its Origins

Sufism (tasawwuf) is the path followed by Sufis (adherents of Islamic mysticism) to reach the Truth-God. While this term usually expresses the theoretical or philosophical aspect of this search, its p... read more..

Issue 27 (July - September 1999)
Alvin C. Roseyard
4985

Evaluating The Theory Of Evolution

The word "evolution" comes from the Latin verb volvere, meaning "to roll, wind, turn around, or twist around." In the last two centuries, the word has come to mean a "process of change from a simpler,... read more..

Issue 27 (July - September 1999)
Charles Nelson
4926

Common Ground Between Islam And Christianity

For many, Islam and Christianity have little in common. More than a few Christians misperceive Islam as a religion of the sword and of oppression, while many Muslims see Christianity as permissive and... read more..

Issue 27 (July - September 1999)
Mike Leterfield
3265

The Necessity Of Dialogue

The word "dialogue" derives from two roots: "dia" means "through" and "logos" comprises many overlapping semantic fields and signifies, among others, "word" and "meaning". For us the word dialogue, wh... read more..

Issue 27 (July - September 1999)
Berk Sar
3028

The Electronic Tongue

Our sense of taste results from our tongue’s ability to identify sweet, salty, bitter, and sour substances. Different substances stimulate unique combinations of these four characteristics, and our to... read more..

Issue 27 (July - September 1999)
Suzan Mutlu
5228

Miraculous Animals: Senses

Animals are spectacular creations. Not only do they have their unique shapes, sizes, colors, and attributes, but also they have incredible senses that enable them to survive and communicate in this wo... read more..

Issue 27 (July - September 1999)
Yusuf Toprak
3240

A Caspian Pipeline Decision

During the last 5 years, there has been-and still is-an ongoing debate on how to exploit oil and gas reserves in newly-emerged Central Asian republics. The question is not restricted to business; it w... read more..

Issue 27 (July - September 1999)
Seyda Okcu
3582

Educating Our Minds

We can build a strong, healthy, and well-formed body through body-building exercises. This raises the following question: If we can "educate" our body through relatively simple body-building exercises... read more..

Issue 27 (July - September 1999)
Ercan Demiroz
3993

Advances In Radar Imaging

WHAT IS RADAR? Radar, a contraction of the words radio detection and ranging, is an electronic device for detecting and locating objects. It operates by transmitting a particular waveform pattern and... read more..

Issue 27 (July - September 1999)
Talha Sarac
10718

A New Genre Is Coming To Life

In the music world there is music and then there is "Kitaro's music." Thousands of listeners have gathered throughout the United States during the last few months to enjoy the unique sounds of Kitaro read more..

Issue 27 (July - September 1999)
M. Fethullah Gulen
7390

Questions And Answers

Question The Prophet says that at the sixth week of the embryo's development in the mother's womb, God sends an angel who writes whether the person to come into the world will be righteous and prosp read more..

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