Fountain Archive


Issue 28 (October - December 1999)
Abdulaziz Sachedina

Historical Background To The Present Environmental Crisis

All scriptures in world religions have something to say about the environmental problems caused by such natural disasters as floods, droughts, and earthquakes. God not only creates but also destroys read more..

Issue 28 (October - December 1999)
Bediuzzaman Said Nursi

The Divine Name Of Most Holy

The universe is a vast, constantly working factory, and the earth is a hostel and guesthouse continually filled and emptied. Generally factories, hostels, and guesthouses that are so used become very ... read more..

Issue 28 (October - December 1999)
Burak Yalcin

The Next Great Frontier For Wireless Communication

There has been an explosive growth in the use of wireless communication systems in recent years. The demand for such wireless services as mobile cellular telephony, radio paging, and other personal co... read more..

Issue 28 (October - December 1999)
Murat Sonmez

The Brain A Galaxy Of Neurons

We are fascinated by the universe and its stars. We want to know how the universe was formed, how the stars move, and how limitless the universe is. However, if we take a close look at ourselves, we read more..

Issue 28 (October - December 1999)
Berk Sar

Electronic Noses

Although the least understood human sense is that of smell, it is perhaps the most interesting one. Indeed, the human nose is used routinely as an analytical tool to assess the quality of foodstuffs, ... read more..

Issue 28 (October - December 1999)
Ercan Demiroz

Cybermath : Using The Internet As A Math Tool

Over the last decade, the Internet has impacted every aspect of our lives. It is now easy to perform very complicated tasks from your computer desktop by clicking buttons on the appropriate Web pages.... read more..

Issue 28 (October - December 1999)
Dr. Selim Uzunoglu

Upon The Unknown And The Unknowable

The process of knowing occurs with the interaction of three components: the person who knows (subject), that which is known (knowledge or information), and the method of acquiring or learning informat... read more..

Issue 28 (October - December 1999)
M. Ali Ozturk

Truly Celebrating Cultural Diversity

One of the most discussed phenomena in contemporary American sociological and educational circles is cultural diversity. In broad terms, this concept can be defined as the presence of multiple values,... read more..

Issue 28 (October - December 1999)
Alvin C. Roseyard

The Problem Of Sampling In Various Sciences

Conducting a survey is basically an act of investigating the behavior, opinions, characteristics, and other elements of a group of entities usually by questioning, analyzing, or observing them. This d... read more..

Issue 28 (October - December 1999)
M. Fethullah Gulen

How can we avoid sins, and how can we show sincere repentance?

It is very important for our spiritual and emotional life to pay special attention to repentance, the greatest shelter against sins, in the following respects: Reaction to SinOne's reaction... read more..

Issue 29 (January - March 2000)
Dr Isa Sarac

The Millennium Beginning

At the very beginning of this new millennium, some people claim that we will see a more polarized and fractured world in the coming years. They assert that this will be caused by conflicts between peo... read more..

Issue 27 (July - September 1999)
Alvin C. Roseyard

Evaluating The Theory Of Evolution

The word "evolution" comes from the Latin verb volvere, meaning "to roll, wind, turn around, or twist around." In the last two centuries, the word has come to mean a "process of change from a simpler read more..

Issue 27 (July - September 1999)
Charles Nelson

Common Ground Between Islam And Christianity

For many, Islam and Christianity have little in common. More than a few Christians misperceive Islam as a religion of the sword and of oppression, while many Muslims see Christianity as permissive an read more..

Issue 27 (July - September 1999)
Mike Leterfield

The Necessity Of Dialogue

The word "dialogue" derives from two roots: "dia" means "through" and "logos" comprises many overlapping semantic fields and signifies, among others, "word" and "meaning". For us the word dialogue, wh... read more..

Issue 27 (July - September 1999)
Berk Sar

The Electronic Tongue

Our sense of taste results from our tongue’s ability to identify sweet, salty, bitter, and sour substances. Different substances stimulate unique combinations of these four characteristics, and our to... read more..

Issue 27 (July - September 1999)
Suzan Mutlu

Miraculous Animals: Senses

Animals are spectacular creations. Not only do they have their unique shapes, sizes, colors, and attributes, but also they have incredible senses that enable them to survive and communicate in this wo... read more..

Issue 27 (July - September 1999)
Yusuf Toprak

A Caspian Pipeline Decision

During the last 5 years, there has been-and still is-an ongoing debate on how to exploit oil and gas reserves in newly-emerged Central Asian republics. The question is not restricted to business; it read more..

Issue 27 (July - September 1999)
Seyda Okcu

Educating Our Minds

We can build a strong, healthy, and well-formed body through body-building exercises. This raises the following question: If we can "educate" our body through relatively simple body-building exercises... read more..

Issue 27 (July - September 1999)
Ercan Demiroz

Advances In Radar Imaging

WHAT IS RADAR?Radar, a contraction of the words radio detection and ranging, is an electronic device for detecting and locating objects. It operates by transmitting a particular waveform pattern and d... read more..

Issue 27 (July - September 1999)
Talha Sarac

A New Genre Is Coming To Life

In the music world there is music and then there is "Kitaro's music." Thousands of listeners have gathered throughout the United States during the last few months to enjoy the unique sounds of Kita read more..

Issue 27 (July - September 1999)
M. Fethullah Gulen

Questions And Answers

QuestionThe Prophet says that at the sixth week of the embryo's development in the mother's womb, God sends an angel who writes whether the person to come into the world will be righteous and prospe read more..

Issue 27 (July - September 1999)
The Fountain

One Remedy

O brother who thinks of the pleasures of this world and suffers distress at illness! If this world were everlasting, and if on our way there was no death, and if the winds of separation and disease di... read more..

Issue 28 (October - December 1999)
M. Fethullah Gulen

The Relationship Of Islam And Science And The Concept Of Science

Swayed by Western domination of their lands, a domination attributed to superior science and technology, some Muslim intellectuals began to view Islam as the cause of the Muslim world's backwardness. read more..

Issue 26 (April - June 1999)
Abdulaziz Sachedina

Human Clones: An Islamic View

In the present article1 I will attempt to summarize a wide range of opinions that have emerged among the scholars of Islamic law and theology in its Sunni and Shi’I2 formulations in the wake of the cl... read more..

Issue 26 (April - June 1999)
Sebnem Unlu

Birth and Music

The baby was crying ceaselessly. When mother leaned him to her chest, right over her heart, he suddenly stopped crying and calmed down. When she thought had fallen, she took him to his bed; as soon as... read more..

Issue 26 (April - June 1999)
Frank Alder


Although child labor is old as the history of humanity, it has gained speed with industrial revolution. Nowadays, the situation is worse than ever before. Statistics show that eight percent of the wor... read more..

Issue 26 (April - June 1999)
S. Dede

Tukish and Greek Relations on 17th Century

I, hereby declare and record this decree for my followers. Regarding the Christians, known or unknown, in East or West, far or near. The ones who do not follow this decree, and follow my commands, wi read more..

Issue 26 (April - June 1999)
Suzan Mutlu


Most relations in Central Europe are, unfortunately, based on conflicts. I would like to briefly cover the majority of ethnic conflicts that is (and was) evident in Central Europe. First, I will brief... read more..

Issue 26 (April - June 1999)
Ilhan Kaya

Modernism and Postmodernism: A Contrast in Perspective and Attitude

Postmodernism can be viewed in several ways. Initially, postmodernism was a reaction to the modernist style of architecture developed after World War I. It then became a philosophy, which as a body of... read more..

Issue 27 (July - September 1999)
M. Fethullah Gulen

Sufism And Its Origins

Sufism (tasawwuf) is the path followed by Sufis (adherents of Islamic mysticism) to reach the Truth-God. While this term usually expresses the theoretical or philosophical aspect of this search, its read more..

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