Fountain Archive


Issue 36 (October - December 2001)
M. Fethullah Gulen

The Necessity of Reflection and Self-Criticism

Our first and foremost duty is to discover ourselves and then turn toward God through the illuminated prism of our nature. People who remain unaware of their true nature, and who therefore cannot es read more..

Issue 36 (October - December 2001)
Josep Clay

Biological Warfare

Biological warfare used to be the stuff of movies (The Andromeda Strain [1971], Outbreak [1995], 12 Monkeys [1996], Mission Impossible 2 [2000]) and books (The Coming Plague [1995], The Hot Zone [19 read more..

Issue 36 (October - December 2001)
Guy Meynen

Identity and Political Activity in Modern Europe

The post-communist phenomenon of economic globalization tends to enlarge the economic gap between haves and have-nots. This economic gap assumes a geographical dimension in the form of the First World... read more..

Issue 36 (October - December 2001)
Bediuzzaman Said Nursi

The Perils of Nationalism

Third matter Nationalism or ethnic differences have been unleashed in this [twentieth] century, particularly by European officials following the well-known principle of divide and rule. The target of read more..

Issue 36 (October - December 2001)
Alphonse Dougan

Holistic Time Management

“Everybody talks about the weather, but nobody does anything about it.” - Mark Twain Time is illusive, for it is hard to define, capture, or imagine. Just like the weather, we talk about it but can read more..

Issue 36 (October - December 2001)
The Fountain

Global Developments

IN ACADEMICS Useful Links: Organizations devoted to the academic study of religion and interfaith research and activities have found a home on the Internet. Have a look at: read more..

Issue 36 (October - December 2001)
Jay Willoughby

Economic Globalization and the Quest for Profit

America emerged from the Second World War as the world’s leading economic and industrial power. When it decided to reject its isolationist past in order to rebuild former enemies and embark upon th read more..

Issue 36 (October - December 2001)
Yusuf Ozaydin

The Socioeconomic Impact of Global Climate Change

And We have made the heavens as a canopy well guarded: yet do they turn away from the Signs which these things (point to)! (Qur’an 21:32)We are often awed by how fine-tuned our planet is for the exist... read more..

Issue 36 (October - December 2001)
Jay Willoughby

Our Word is Our Weapon: Selected Writings of Subcomandante Marcos

On January 1, 1994, the day that the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) begins, a new revolution unfolds. There are no calls to overthrow the government or unleash revolutionary terror, but read more..

Issue 36 (October - December 2001)
Lucien F. Cosijns

Collaboration in Interfaith Union

After some 10 years of daily commitment to interreligious dialogue and its organizations, as well as participation in most of the international dialogue meetings, and various ecumenical and other in read more..

Issue 36 (October - December 2001)
Yasmeen Bonnie Rutherford

Antibiotic Resistance

If you think that killer plagues and superbacteria are the stuff of horror movies alone, you may need to think again. Overuse and misuse of antibiotics have promoted the proliferation of antibiotic read more..

Issue 36 (October - December 2001)
Sebnem Yildiz

Visible Signs of the Resurrection

At first glance, nature seems to be whatever we can see. Thus many of us tend to take life for granted and assume that its existence is both ordinary and natural. We do not question the validity of read more..

Issue 36 (October - December 2001)
Hikmet Isik

Questions and Answers

Question: Will religion, supposedly developed by “primitive” people to explain the unknown, eventually become unnecessary? Answer: Those who answer the above question with a resounding “yes” base th... read more..

Issue 37 (January - March 2002)
M. Fethullah Gulen

A Comparative Approach to Islam and Democracy

Fethullah Gulen has spent much of his life as a religious teacher in Turkey. He is author of more than forty books, most of them best-sellers in Turkey, and his writing appears regularly in Turkish jo... read more..

Issue 35 (July - September 2001)
M. Fethullah Gulen

Why Darwinism Remains Popular

It is hard to find another theory that has been so discredited by scientists, and yet is still believed in by so many people, as Darwinism. The collapse of communism shows that “East” and “West” was a... read more..

Issue 35 (July - September 2001)
Mustafa Ulusoy

Passing from Self-Other to Us

Therapists deal with emptiness, meaninglessness, and loneliness.(1) Patients say that emptiness is a painful and discomforting subjective experience. Lonely people often speak of feeling empty. One in... read more..

Issue 35 (July - September 2001)
Turkan Akman

Remember Mary in the Book

The Qur'an informs us of former Prophets and religious figures sent by God to proclaim His Oneness. Islam requires Muslims to acknowledge and respect these people, one of whom is Mary (Maryam), the mo... read more..

Issue 35 (July - September 2001)
Melih Mert

An Essay on Color

Light reveals a world of colors by painting everything it touches. Our plain and soulless furniture gains meaning. Our brown bookshelf, gray study table, green mug carpets, rugs, curtains the yellow... read more..

Issue 35 (July - September 2001)
Yasemin Acikel

Lords of the Horizons: A History of the Ottoman Empire

Jason GoodwinWhy and how civilizations rise and fall is a hard question to answer. To do so, one must understand the civilization and the time in which it began to rise. Jason Goodwin, an English jour... read more..

Issue 35 (July - September 2001)
The Fountain

Global Development

In AcademicsReligion and Science: The Institute on Religion in an Age of Science, Inc., will convene on July 29-August 4, 2001. The topic, Human Meaning in a Technological Culture, will explore and ev... read more..

Issue 35 (July - September 2001)
Jay Willoughby

Pseudo-science and Racial Otherness

With the ascendancy of science during the eighteenth century, European scientists sought scientific support for considering slavery and colonization as natural and even a blessing. Casting off monogen... read more..

Issue 35 (July - September 2001)
Bediuzzaman Said Nursi

Four Short Signs Alluding to Divine Unity

First Sign O worshipper of causes! Imagine that you see a splendid palace being built of different, marvelous jewels. However, some of these jewels can be found only in China, others in only Andalusia... read more..

Issue 35 (July - September 2001)
Fatih Guner

Reality and the Afterlife

What is reality? What is illusion? Do we have free will, or is our life somehow preprogrammed? Such questions have vexed humanity from the beginning. Technology has added another wrinkle: virtual real... read more..

Issue 35 (July - September 2001)
Ekrem Dumanli

The Media and Hate Messages

It is hard to believe that people sit at their computers and shoot African-Americans on a Web site featuring a cyberjungle where white hunters hunt black people. What do they feel when they hunt poor ... read more..

Issue 35 (July - September 2001)
Hikmet Isik

Why is atheism so widespread?

Q:Why is atheism so widespread?A:Atheism means denying God's existence, rejecting His commandments, avoiding religious reflection and seriousness, and considering oneself independent of Him. As such b... read more..

Issue 36 (October - December 2001)
Jay Willoughby

Rushing toward a Truly Global Village

Technology is transforming Marshall McLuhan’s global village from theory into reality. Increased access to information, thanks to the Internet and the Web, shatters barriers erected by those who would... read more..

Issue 34 (April - June 2001)
M. Fethullah Gulen

Civilization and the Confusion of Conceptions

Traditionally, civilization has been defined as the coexistence of people who come together around humanistic thoughts and feelings, and who are conscious of their being human. Since people naturally ... read more..

Issue 34 (April - June 2001)
Suheyla Sarac

Parenting Styles: How They Affect Children

Parenting is a most challenging yet rewarding experience. Baumrind, who studied parenting styles during the early 1960s, concluded that they differ in four important areas: parents' warmth/nurturance,... read more..

Issue 34 (April - June 2001)
Alvin C. Roseyard

Olfaction: Sensing the Scents

Most people believe that our perception depends heavily on sight and hearing, and therefore underrate our sense of smell. As this sense is rather subjective, for a long time it was considered a matte... read more..

Issue 34 (April - June 2001)
Rabia Savas

Sir Thomas More's Utopia

Socialist ideals have appeared in literature from Plato to Marx. In its midst is Sir Thomas More's Utopia, which links ancient and modern Utopias. Hythloday's fantasy island draws heavily on the Greek... read more..

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