Fountain Archive


Issue 5 (January - March 1994)
M. Fethullah Gulen

DECLINE AND FALL:The loss of spiritual energy

We used to have a magnificent civilization founded on faith, resolution, altruism and valour. The dark world of Europe’s Middle Ages was illumined and revitalized by the learning, faith, compassion an... read more..

Issue 5 (January - March 1994)
M. Temiz


What do penicillin, Teflon, X-rays and insulin have in common? A prominent thinker of our age, while explaining the purpose in the creation of man, emphasizes the importance of prayer and classifies t... read more..

Issue 5 (January - March 1994)
I. Bal

Fighting Terrorism

The principal players involved in terrorism and counter-terrorism are the state, the terrorists and the public. By the ‘state’ is meant the whole political establishment, power and authority of govern... read more..

Issue 5 (January - March 1994)
M. A. Sayar

Genetic Engineering: Quo Vadis?

It was only after Steven Spielberg’s Jurassic Park had become the most watched movie of all time that we have started to consider how genetic engineering is moving from science fiction to science-fact... read more..

Issue 5 (January - March 1994)
O.a. Joseph

Transfer of technology from the Islamic world to the West

INTRODUCTIONTechnology is the tool of civilization, and for Islamic civilization to have been such a leading force in the world for several centuries, it must have been based on important techno read more..

Issue 5 (January - March 1994)
M. Sahin

A New Nuisance in the Post-Cold War Era: Ethnic Conflicts

With the collapse of the USSR, the concept of a New World Order began to be heard more frequently in the world’s media and in the speeches of its leaders. The concept emerged against the background of... read more..

Issue 5 (January - March 1994)
Bediuzzaman Said Nursi

A commentary On the Contemporary World

THE DOOR TO HUMAN HAPPINESSBelief in the All-Mighty Creator and the belief in the Hereafter are alike precious, since it is through them that the mystery of the universe is revealed and the door to hu... read more..

Issue 5 (January - March 1994)
Dr. H. Nurbaki

The delicate balance of life on earth

It is difficult, on first reading, to divine the great scientific message imparted by this verse. The scientific description of the earth contained in the verse must be a humiliation to those who see ... read more..

Issue 5 (January - March 1994)
A. Joseph

The Conflict of Civilizations

World politics is entering a new phase, and commentators have not been slow to express their visions of what it will be–the ‘end of history’, the return of traditional rivalries between nation states read more..

Issue 5 (January - March 1994)
A. Hamid

A Companion of The Prophet : Sa'id ibn Zayd

Zayd the son of ‘Amr stood away from the Quraysh crowd as they celebrated one of their festivals. Men were dressed in rich turbans of brocade and expensive Yemeni burdahs. Women and children were also... read more..

Issue 5 (January - March 1994)
M. Fethullah Gulen

How is that Islam, a religon inspired by Allah for the good of humanity, allows slavery?

There are historical, social and psychological dimensions to this question, which we must work through patiently, if we are to arrive at a satisfactory answer.First of all, it is useful to recall why ... read more..

Issue 6 (April - June 1994)
M. Fethullah Gulen


Love is the most essential element in every being, and it is a most radiant light and a greatest power which can resist and overcome every force. Love elevates every soul which absorbs it, and makes i... read more..

Issue 6 (April - June 1994)
V. Karsli

Precise Timing in a Microcontroller and in the Universe

The 80C196KC is a 16-bit micro controller of the MCS-96 family produced by INTEL. It operates at 16 MHz with high performance. It has the capability of registering architecture, so no accumulator is n... read more..

Issue 6 (April - June 1994)
M.s. Ozcan


Should plants or animals altered by microbiological manipulation be patentable in the same way as, say, modifications of penicillin are.There has been strong opposition to the idea. The issue was disc... read more..

Issue 6 (April - June 1994)
Y. Yilmaz

The Language of Bees

In 1788, Pastor Earnest Spitzner witnessed an amazing fact: When a Carniolan honeybee finds a good supply of pollen, she returns to the hive and there she tells the other bees about it. Spitzner sugge... read more..

Issue 6 (April - June 1994)
N. Delen

Optical Computers: A Dream or Reality?

The first functional optical processor was built at AT&T Bell laboratories with the hope that one day light would replace electricity in high speed parallel computers. WHY OPTICAL?Despite the many... read more..

Issue 6 (April - June 1994)
Bediuzzaman Said Nursi

A Commentary on the Contemporary World

In the Name of God the Merciful the Compassionate Glory be to God whenever you reach evening and whenever you rise in the morning, and all praise is for Him in the heavens and on earth, and in the lat... read more..

Issue 6 (April - June 1994)
Ali Unal

The Quranic Consept of History and Western Philosphies of History

I wonder whether it is a scepticism to see a political purpose behind some philosophies produced in the West during the last few centuries. Whether they might label me to be unscientific or a sceptic,... read more..

Issue 6 (April - June 1994)
A. Bilir

Community Care, Values and Welfare State

A welfare state is a state that cares for its most needy citizens such as the elderly, the sick and disabled, children, the unemployed and single parents. The term ‘welfare state’ implies that the sta... read more..

Issue 6 (April - June 1994)
A. A. Ahmed

Medicine of The Prophet

THE SEARCH FOR ALTERNATIVESI once asked an Austrian friend of mine who had just qualified as a doctor where he went when he was sick. The surprising answer was that he and most of his colleagues went ... read more..

Issue 6 (April - June 1994)
M. Fethullah Gulen

Questions For Today

Five prayers a day are compulsory in Islam. However, in the extreme Polar Regions a day or a night lasts six months each, in the sense that the sun is always visible or always invisible. So, how does ... read more..

Issue 6 (April - June 1994)
M.f. Yildirim

Time to Burn

Hikmet worked in a bakery. He was a meticulous worker and was concerned about earning honest living. Every evening, he was the last to leave the bakery. It was a large bakery, daily producing thousand... read more..

Issue 7 (July - September 1994)
M. Fethullah Gulen

Religious Festivals

Almost every nation has religious festivals to commemorate important events in their history or to celebrate special occasions.There are two religious festivals in Islam. ‘Id al-Fitr, the festival of ... read more..

Issue 7 (July - September 1994)
Dr. H. Nurbaki

A Subtlety of The Qur'an The Secrets of The Atmosphere

Then He applied His design or turned to the sky (or heaven) which was yet but smoke (Arabic: dukhan) and said to it and to the earth, ‘Come, both of you, willingly or unwillingly.’ They both responded... read more..

Issue 7 (July - September 1994)
P. Allister

Blissful Years of The Jews in The Ottoman State

The world has been the scene of many massacres and countless acts of genocide since mankind appeared on earth. Even Habil (Abel), the son of the first human, Adam, was the victim of a murder committed... read more..

Issue 7 (July - September 1994)
M. Temiz

Excessive Love of Dogs

The results of a survey carried out in England and Wales showed that 60% of couples love their pet dog more than each other. In France, caring for dogs has reached the stage where there are barbers, p... read more..

Issue 7 (July - September 1994)
M. Fethullah Gulen

Towards the World of the Righteous Servants

God promises the final inheritance of the earth to His righteous servants. So, in order to have a right to this promised inheritance, there must be a group of righteous people. What are the criteria o... read more..

Issue 7 (July - September 1994)
M.s. Aksoy

Human Visual System and Machine System

Of the five senses - vision, hearing, smell, taste and touch - vision is undoubtedly the one that man has come to depend upon above all others and indeed the one that provides most of the data he rece... read more..

Issue 7 (July - September 1994)
The Fountain

Soldiers of Truth

Moths fly around the light of the inspired onesWhose hearts are as warm as the corona of the sunPained and worried are they for the destiny of the nationYet lovely as Paradise are they and as deep as ... read more..

Issue 7 (July - September 1994)
Bediuzzaman Said Nursi

A Commentary on the Contemporary World

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate and we pray Him for succour.In His name, glory be to Him.There is nothing that does not glorify Him with praise.Degrees of lifeFirst question:Is Kha... read more..

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