Fountain Archive

1998

Issue 21 (January - March 1998)
Dr. S. Aksoy
5077

Life: The Light of Existence

The universe consists of living and non-living entities which have common as well as different properties. For example, each and every entity is made up of different organic and inorganic elements so ... read more..

Issue 21 (January - March 1998)
Abd Al-salam Ibrahim
17211

Architectural Characteristics of The Islamic City

There is no firm consensus on what the term islamic city’ means. It can mean a city founded by Muslims during some particular, historical epoch. Or a city whose design, construction and expansion took... read more..

Issue 21 (January - March 1998)
Umit Simsek
3750

Diary of A HoneyBee

Day 1 - (around May 5 of your calendar) - I am a white egg hardly bigger than the fullstop at the end of this sentence. Yet, do not despise me for I have that most precious quality-life! A few hours ... read more..

Issue 21 (January - March 1998)
Suleyman Cenkci
7190

Plant Biotechnology for The Next Century

The earth’s human population is expected to pass 6 billion people at the beginning of the next century. The consequences for adequate food supply and environmental degradation are very serious. While ... read more..

Issue 21 (January - March 1998)
The Fountain
23285

Never Worn Out

An eternal ‘textile’ woven with silk threads, pure as rain, cool as the shade of clouds; its colour and design address all the worlds, unstained white like the river of milk in Paradise... Not a t... read more..

Issue 21 (January - March 1998)
Bediuzzaman Said Nursi
4067

Reflections on The Existence and Unity of The Creater

Creatures come into existence easily and, although of various kinds and species, resemble one another in many ways. They are spread out on the earth with perfect order and display a perfect proportion... read more..

Issue 21 (January - March 1998)
Alexa Kopil
3236

Is The Brain The Origin of Man's Mind?

  Artificial Intelligence or Al is among the most recently advanced scientific concepts. The associated field of study has been defined as follows: ‘the study of mental faculties that encompasses com... read more..

Issue 21 (January - March 1998)
Dr. S. Aksoy
3773

Islamic Ethics

  In the Islamic tradition, the basis of society or its main cohesive influence is not the power of the state or other coercive authority, but the common submission of all, strong or weak, to the wil... read more..

Issue 21 (January - March 1998)
F. B. Rahim
4018

Reflections on Robionson Crusoe

Part I: The Myth and the Novel The popularity of Crusoe Excepting the Gospel narrative, no story has so dominated the imagination of Europe as Robinson Crusoe. First published in London in 1719, it ... read more..

Issue 21 (January - March 1998)
M. Fethullah Gulen
2284

Questions for Today

Contact with Jinn and the Reality of Sorcery or Magic Some people have an innate ability to go into trance and make contact with beings from the invisible realms of existence. However, it should not ... read more..

Issue 21 (January - March 1998)
A. Sahin
4822

No Discrimination of Colour and Race

Bilal Habashi was among the pioneers of Islam. He was a slave of Umayya ibn Khalaf, one of the leading figures of the polytheist Quraysh. Since he accepted Islam in its very early days, he was made to... read more..

Issue 22 (April - June 1998)
M. Fethullah Gulen
5077

Freedom

The urge for freedom is innate in man. In his pursuit or expression of it, man has the option to discover himself as a responsible being with free will, that is, as a being whose freedom is the means ... read more..

Issue 22 (April - June 1998)
Ali Unal
4135

Two Different Fields for Science and Religion

Christianity did not develop as a comprehensive religion encompassing all fields of life but as a set of spiritual and moral values with some bearing on, but no directions for, the worldly’ aspects of... read more..

Issue 22 (April - June 1998)
Irfan Yilmaz
4615

Biological System

As a result of some chemical processes in our bodies such as the decrease of the amount of sugar in our blood, we feel hunger or the urge to eat. If we eat more than we need, some of the food consumed... read more..

Issue 22 (April - June 1998)
Dr. Muhammed Ali Albar
7275

Genetic Counselling and Genetic Iseases: An Islamic Perspective

Qualifications and task of the counsellor Genetic counselling is the process whereby an individual or family obtain advice and information about a genetic condition that may affect the individual and... read more..

Issue 22 (April - June 1998)
Dr. Muhammad Tariq Chaudhary
2970

Soil Salinity a Problem of Icreasing Impact on Global Agriculture

Qualifications and task of the counsellor Genetic counselling is the process whereby an individual or family obtain advice and information about a genetic condition that may affect the individual and... read more..

Issue 22 (April - June 1998)
Bediuzzaman Said Nursi
4719

Reflections on the Existence and Unity of the Creator

Beware, only in the remembrance of God do hearts find rest. Only through recognizing their One Creator can all spirits and hearts be delivered from the distress and confusion arising from misguidance... read more..

Issue 22 (April - June 1998)
H. Adam
2974

The Clash in the Heavens The Discourse of The Stars

Listen to the stars and heed their beautiful sermons, See what is written in these luminous missives of Wisdom: They are all delivering together this beneficient discourse: “Each of us is a radiant... read more..

Issue 22 (April - June 1998)
Tankut Yalcinoz
3434

Dna Based Computers

In 1949 researchers believed that ‘Computers in the future may weigh no more than 1.5 tons.’ Of course, we have come a long way since then, but the underlying computational framework has remained the ... read more..

Issue 22 (April - June 1998)
F. B. Rahim
15113

Reflections on Robinson Crusoe

Part II: Economic Individualism and Secularization The wider context of Robinson Crusoe Crusoe’s relationship with God is sincere, intense and actively personal. It is also general and subjective. ... read more..

Issue 22 (April - June 1998)
M. Fethullah Gulen
4451

Satan and the whispering of Satan (Involuntary thoughts occurring to man)

What Satan is and why he was created? Satan was, like the jinn with whom he mostly kept company, was also created from ‘fire’. Before he was put to the test of obedience and sincerity through Adam, h... read more..

Issue 22 (April - June 1998)
A. Sahin
4356

Social Solidarity

In pre-Islamic Arabia, people were divided into tribes and clans continually at war with one another. The rivalry among them was so intense that, for example, Abu Jahl, the archenemy of the Prophet Mu... read more..

Issue 23 (July - September 1998)
M. Fethullah Gulen
4278

The Undiscovered Greatness Of Our World

For those who have attained the happiness of knowing this world from within faith, hope and an experience of the realms beyond this world, there is still an undiscovered greatness and magic in this wo... read more..

Issue 23 (July - September 1998)
Dr. S. Aksoy
4954

Prenatal Diagnosis: Watching Unborn Babies

For many parents, pregnancy is an exciting and happy experience. For others, the experience of friends or family make them apprehensive that their baby may be born with a severe physical or mental dis... read more..

Issue 23 (July - September 1998)
F. B. Rahim
16917

Hayy Bin Yaqzan : A Contrasting Vision Of Man And Nature

A Latin translation of Hayy bin Yaqzan by the English Arabist, Edward Pocock, published in Oxford in 1672, was reprinted in 1700. Then, an English translation (from the Latin) was published in London ... read more..

Issue 23 (July - September 1998)
The Fountain
23067

Fethullah Gulen: His Remarkable Achievement

Fethullah Gulen, more familiarly known by the affectionate and respectful title of Hodja Effendi, is a contemporary Islamic scholar of remarkable achievement. He combines profound, rigorous learning i... read more..

Issue 23 (July - September 1998)
M. Fethullah Gulen
7883

The Pure Path

One night I had a vision of the future so bright; There was a peaceful silence and was pouring light upon light Things were being done with the precision of clockwork; Centuries-old confusions disa... read more..

Issue 23 (July - September 1998)
The Fountain
9792

Reflections On The Existence And Unity Of The Creator 612

On observing the face of the earth in summertime, we see that an infinite generosity and absolute liberality, which could be expected to cause disorder and confusion, are apparent within an infinite o... read more..

Issue 23 (July - September 1998)
Aydin Demircan
6668

Buckministerfullerene: The Third Crystalline Form Of The Carbon Atom

To be awarded with a Nobel Prize in science is one of the most honorable present for the scientist in the world, New forms of the element carbon-called fullerens was first discovered in september 1985... read more..

Issue 23 (July - September 1998)
M. Fethullah Gulen
10986

What Is The Meaning of Divine Decree and Destiny and Why is Belief in Destiny Included in the Essentials of Faith?

The original Arabic word translated as 'destiny' is 'Qadar', meaning, in its derivations, determination, giving a certain measure and shape, dividing and judging. As a term, it is defined by Islamic s... read more..

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