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Monthly Archive


Welcome to our Archives page. On this page you will find a total of 112 of our articles broken down into Months and Years.
Issue 110 (March - April 2016)
Abdullah Acar

At the Obesity-Immunity Crossroads

The worldwide prevalence and incidence of obesity has increased dramatically in recent decades. Oversized food portions, inactive lifestyles, genetic heritage, and food company practices are just a fe... read more..

Issue 110 (March - April 2016)
Allen S. Maller

Folk Religion Can Sometimes Grow Piety

In the modern world, large scale emigration has brought many Muslims into close contact with other Muslims from distant lands. While all Muslims are united by Islamic law and daily prayer, many Muslim... read more..

Issue 110 (March - April 2016)
M. Fethullah Gulen

Wings of Humbleness

Question: How is it possible to reach a balance between pursuing high achievements and seek perfection on one hand and to be self-critical and remain humble on the other? Answer: A real believer is a... read more..

Issue 110 (March - April 2016)
The Fountain

Science and Square

Cataracts could be cured by using stem-cell-based treatments 1-Hayashi R. et al. Co-ordinated ocular development from human iPS cells and recovery of corneal function. Nature, January 2016.2-Lin H. e... read more..

Issue 111 (May - June 2016)
The Fountain

The Winter Is Coming

In this issue, some of our writers address one of the most urgent crises of our age: the refugees fleeing violence in Syria, Iraq, and Afghanistan. Lawrence Brazier, who lives in Austria, writes about... read more..

Issue 111 (May - June 2016)
M. Fethullah Gulen

Freedom of Faith and Conscience

The freedom of faith and conscience is, to put it briefly, the universal right to independently adopt and practice a faith of one’s choice. This right includes being able to receive the education requ... read more..

Issue 111 (May - June 2016)
Sam Plat

From Whales to Technology

The shape of cars and airplanes directly affect their fuel consumption and performance. For proof of the connection between shape and fuel efficiency, we can look to nature. Biomimetics, which develop... read more..

Issue 111 (May - June 2016)
Mustafa Ismet Uzun

The Role of Myth and Ritual in Religion

Throughout history, religion and its diverse aspects, such as myth and ritual, have been of great significance for the social, economic, and cultural lives of people around the globe. Myth and ritual ... read more..

Issue 111 (May - June 2016)
Lawrence Brazier

The Ones That Got Away!

Austria still offers some of the nicest aspects of worldly existence. Deer feed in the meadow across the road from our house. They graze contentedly, seemingly oblivious to all else, then suddenly sti... read more..

Issue 111 (May - June 2016)
Ahmet Eren

Gecko The Physicist

They can resist gravity and easily hang upside down on flat ceilings. They are geckos, extraordinary lizards that have been perfectly created for their environments. But what allows them to resist gra... read more..

Issue 111 (May - June 2016)
Sophia Pandya

Wresting Jihad from the Jihadists

I departed Brussels a few days before the March 22, 2016, attacks which killed over thirty people, injured dozens, and terrorized that city. Ironically, my purpose for visiting was to present a paper ... read more..

Issue 111 (May - June 2016)
Serif Dogru

Should We Fear a Magnetic Pole Shift?

The Earth currently rotates in a counter-clockwise direction. This rotation, along with movement of iron particles inside the Earth’s molten core, generates a magnetic field, which protects the Earth ... read more..

Issue 111 (May - June 2016)
Mathew Walles

The Existence of God - According to Muslim Theologians and Thinkers

Proving the existence of God is a venture that numerous Muslim philosophers, theologians, and thinkers have been attempting for many centuries. This issue has been argued and debated on scientific, ph... read more..

Issue 111 (May - June 2016)
M. Fethullah Gulen

Barq (Lightning)

Barq (lightning) is a light that flashes in an initiate during the first steps of the journey toward sainthood. This is the first invitation to those seeking nearness to God. The scholars of truth hav... read more..

Issue 111 (May - June 2016)
Ruth Sandberg

The Shared Beliefs of Judaism and Islam

It is unfortunate that in today’s world many Jews and Muslims see themselves as diametrically opposed to one another. They see their respective religious traditions as dissimilar, sharing little in co... read more..

Issue 111 (May - June 2016)
Adam Allison

Gastro Intestinal Flora and Our Health

The systems of the human body are created with a staggering degree of perfection. The body has approximately 1013 cells at any given time, and these ensure that our systems run flawlessly, without us ... read more..

Issue 111 (May - June 2016)
Elizabeth Allen

The Nature of Change - Exchange of Letters with My Future Self

To my future self, I think we are all searching for something in our lives. No one seems to know exactly what that something is, but we all are seeking what is greater than ourselves. I think that is... read more..

Issue 111 (May - June 2016)
M. Fethullah Gulen

Spring’s Ballad

When the time is due, you will see that a new spring has come. Roses bloom, nightingales sing, and tulips are all around. Flowers breathe out their perfumes; Birds and bugs, all enraptured in this ... read more..

Issue 111 (May - June 2016)
Fatih Bera

How Many Supercomputers Would Fit Inside Your Brain?

The complexity and potential of the human brain are astonishing. The brain is capable of performing millions of complex formulations in milliseconds. And yet, despite this power, humans are barely tap... read more..

Issue 111 (May - June 2016)
Aydogan Vatandas

The Only Thing They Ask is to Be Allowed to a New Land!

What a life as a refugeeWe gave up all we had, to fleeAll left behindBut I don't mindAt least I've saved my family  What a life as a refugee.My Son, my daughter, wife and me.Safe at lastThe worst i read more..

Issue 111 (May - June 2016)
Alp Serhat Kahveci

Nigella Sativa: The Herb in Antiquity Making Wonders

Recent findings in health care are portraying the wide-ranging impact of Nigella Sativa, especially in fighting cancerous cells. 1,2,3,4 An ancient herb Nigella Sativa, a flowering plant native to so... read more..

Issue 111 (May - June 2016)
Jon Pahl

Countering Violent Extremism? - What Happens in Molenbeek Matters in Milwaukee

On the day I spoke in Brussels at a conference on “countering violent extremism,” a gun battle broke out in a Brussels suburb between French/Belgian police and individuals apparently associated wit... read more..

Issue 111 (May - June 2016)
Nurdin Kaparov

Massive Open Online Courses and Their Economic Value

This century has seen many innovations and transformations within the fields of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). They have brought forth new developments in education by transferring ... read more..

Issue 111 (May - June 2016)
M. Fethullah Gulen

Hubris or Becoming Tyrannical

Question: It is sometimes the case that people who are responsible for a certain area or who govern a certain place, after a period of time, begin to consider themselves as the owner of that place. Co... read more..

Issue 111 (May - June 2016)
The Fountain

Science Square (Issue 111)

Artificial Skin That Can Sprout Hair and Grow Glands Takagi R. et al. Bioengineering a 3D integumentary organ system from iPS cells using an in vivo transplantation model. Science Advances, April 201... read more..

Issue 112 (July - August 2016)
The Fountain

Editorial: After The Coup Attempt, A Crackdown In Turkey

The Fountain has been recently banned by the Turkish government in Turkey. Let us try to explain why: Once considered a beacon of hope for the Middle East, Turkey has been rapidly backsliding on issu... read more..

Issue 112 (July - August 2016)
M. Fethullah Gulen

Despair and Heroes

Much as it is in the rest of today’s world, depression and crises are interwoven into our society: crisis of belief, crisis of thought, crisis of criteria, crisis of the system, crisis of ethics, cris... read more..

Issue 112 (July - August 2016)
Umar Agha

Baby in the Cold

Abandoned babies left on the steps of a church or a mosque are not unfamiliar news for many of us. We are not going to discuss the socio-cultural reasons and consequences of this outrageous act, but t... read more..

Issue 112 (July - August 2016)
Ali Fakih

Anatomy of 2008 Global Financial Crisis

In 2008, the world witnessed the biggest financial crisis since the Great Depression.  Although this crisis started in the financial markets, it soon spread to real-world sectors and caused a great de... read more..

Issue 112 (July - August 2016)
Emine Demircan

Green Fluorescent Proteins

Many animals, including squirrels and birds, bury their excess acorns or nuts in summer. When winter arrives and everything is buried under thick snow, they are still able to find the food they had hi... read more..

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